Elizabeth Herman has been helping and supporting writers of various backgrounds and ages and in all stages of the writing process since 1998. She completed her doctorate in Rhetoric and Composition in December of 2008. Vital Writer Services is her new business offering coaching, tutoring, editing and proofreading to writers in various genres and with a variety of possible issues. Five percent of each fee will be donated to non-profit educational service projects around the world, which are described on the ‘supporting others‘ page of this blog. Contact her at 618-559-1641 (cell phone) or firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
I offer you some lists of writing activities for each of the four roles in Betty Flowers’ paradigm:
Brainstorming, Automatic Writing, Looping, Sondra Perl’s Felt Sense Guidelines, Keeping a Notebook, Writing Regularly Scheduled Journal Entries, Pre-writing Preparation
Clustering, Outlining, Composing a Thesis Statement, Cutting Unnecessary Ideas, Shaping the Overall Plan, Revising Major Aspects of the Text
Drafting, Constructing Paragraphs and Sentences, Composing Support and Elaboration for Major Ideas, Transitioning between Major and Minor Ideas
Proofreading, Revising, Editing, Identifying and Correcting Local and Global Errors, Looking for Patterns of Error, Changing Wording Choices to Avoid Repetitiveness and Redundancy, Making the Text More Concise
A helpful way to think about your writing process involves separating out your various roles when you write. For instance, at the beginning of the process you really do not want to be overly critical of your own ideas or language.
You want to include all of your thoughts and expressions in considering directions for a possible text, and wait until later, until some good material has been generated and decisions have been made, before you “judge” what you have produced.
In a picture of the four necessary roles that writers play when they engage in the stages of invention, drafting, revision and editing, Betty Flowers outlines in her article, “Madman, Architect, Carpenter, Judge: Roles and the Writing Process,” a conversation between herself as writing teacher and writing student.
In this conversation, she describes a paradigm by which writers change roles as they move through the composing of a text.
In the madman role, creativity is king and everything is allowed, with no attention to following any rules or correcting any so-called mistakes.
In the architect role, the ideas generated by the madman begin to take more of an ordered structure, as the writer in this role begins to organize by eliminating some ideas and words and highlighting others deemed to be more important to the overall purpose of the piece of writing.
You can probably guess what happens in the carpenter’s role. The work of the architect gets even more structure from the carpenter, who creates the building blocks, the sentences and paragraphs, which bring the sketchy idea for the piece of writing more clearly into focus.
And finally, the role of judge makes an appearance, as the work of the first three roles has reached a the stage of readiness to be perfected, and corrections can be made to improve what has already been written.
But the use of these roles does not always happen in the suggested order. At times, the writer may need to go back and forth between the functions in a recursive manner.
Not only are the stages of the process best seen as recursive in nature, but these imaginative ideas about a writer’s identity also need flexibility in terms of choosing the chronology of their use.
Even though we don’t intend something that happens, that “happening” may not turn out to be wrong, or a “mistake.”
A mistake not only must be unintended, it must cause some harm to the world or our sense of order in some way. But often, what we perceive as harm may be necessary in order to help others grow and learn.
We may only need to look at the “mistake” from a different angle in order to see how fantastic it is, how it helped someone that never could have predicted it would.
Any ability humans nurture cannot exist in isolation. For new parents, there are birthing groups and La Leche League to help bring healthy babies into the world and feed them in the best ways.
For individuals coping with almost any problem, there are Twelve Step groups that apply basic healing principles specifically to someone’s issues, like co-dependency, alcoholism, survivors of mental, emotional and/or physical traumas, and the like.
Reasons for support groups have multiplied over the years, and it makes sense that many groups address positive aspirations as well as pathological problems.
The author that I love to quote so much in this blog, Natalie Goldberg, describes how it is better to filter others’ voices, rather “than to be a cloistered being trying to find one peanut of truth in our own individual mind.”
She encourages readers to “become big and write with the whole world in your arms.”
This inspirational quote echoes the old spiritual song, about having the whole world in your hands. Holding the world makes us feel safer, more confident and secure.
Imagine that you hold the world you create, and as author, you become that safety and solid, reassuring presence that allows your written world to thrive and grow for your ever-widening audience.
When you publish a piece of writing, you claim that writing as worthwhile. You own it because your byline has your name in it. You stand by, behind and in it as an author who relates to a readership.
Natalie Goldberg states in her essay, “Claim Your Writing,” from Writing Down the Bones, “In the process of claiming our own good writing, we are chipping away at the blind gap between our own true nature and our conscious ability to see it. We learn to embrace ourselves as the fine creative human beings we are in the present.”
You have a great writer inside you. The perseverance that it takes to continue to revise and polish your craft would not exist without some inner belief in your own greatness.
Every time your work gets accepted constitutes another piece of evidence that you can claim as your own magnificence.
In order to continue to get better as a writer, it is important to consider your true nature, the unlimited potential you have for doing wonderful work that will last for generations to come. Estimate your infinite self with peace, confidence and the dynamism of shining forth with a new, bright light on the horizon.
Who knows, like Jack Canfield and so many others, you may save someone’s life by reaching out with your talent for expressing infinite truth in words.
Extraordinary details occur not only in events but also most generously in places.
How many places have you visited in your life? Have you stopped to count them? What sense of place do you bring into your writing?
Place constitutes a crucial element of setting, which makes for vital and energetic prose when developed with vivid detail. This applies just as well to fiction, poetry and non-fiction alike.
As a reader, I find that worlds open up when an author brings me into a specific, particular place.
Recently I moved from Illinois to North Carolina. Living in a different landscape, the details of my life have changed in extraordinary ways. Someday, I hope to have time to bring this experience alive on the page. For now, I only wish to encourage you to write about the places you see, feel, smell and love.
Northwestern North Carolina is full of mountains. The land in Illinois is largely flat. You can imagine how textures and contours of land shape the way we spend our time.
Natalie Goldberg says it this way: “We think of detail as small, not the realm of the cosmic mind or these big hills of New Mexico. That isn’t true. No matter how large a thing is, how fantastic, it is also ordinary. We think of details as daily and mundane. Even miracles are mundane happenings that an awakened mind can see in a fantastic way.”
I love this as it pertains to a writer’s life. These big hills of Appalachia that I now call home hold extraordinary, mystical power for me, even though I see them every day now and realize how ordinary the physical elements of particular places are when they live with us.
Only the reader of a detail can answer questions about the ordinary or extraordinary qualities of that detail. Your readers have experienced plenty of opportunities to become familiar with the human form. Writing leaves the challenge of making human appearances new and amazing up to you!
Only your innovative description of the details involved in any topic or subject can make your writing extraordinary.
You may conceive of a detail as something very small and specific. Yet, the smallness and specificity of details can make a picture of anything larger.
If I tell you about a whale, and only speak in vague generalities, describing the whale as a big fish, how much of the whale will capture your imagination? You probably will not see much in my picture of that whale. But if I go into more detail, and tell you about the colors and shapes on the whale’s skin, and the attributes and functions of each of its body parts, you will have a bigger picture.
A detail can seem ordinary or extraordinary, depending on the uniqueness of the description to the audiences who read such word pictures. If I have never imagined what a whale looks like up close, the patterns on a humpback’s tail fin may appear extraordinary to me.
A scientist who studies whales, however, may find a tail fin pattern description quite routine, and ordinary, in the sense that he has seen so many varieties of such patterns already.
Natalie Goldberg offers another example, saying how watching a snake dance seemed to her as an audience member both “unfathomable and fantastic because it was new and foreign,” as well as “ordinary and had been done for hundreds of years.”
For writers, it helps to be aware of what your readers have already seen. You can guess when your descriptions will come across as ordinary or extraordinary, based on what you know about your readers’ histories with your subject matter.